Marx 200 – Israel Edition | «Even the ruling class is alienated»

Marx 200 – Israel Edition | «Even the ruling class is alienated»


My Name is Tal Giladi and I’m 29 years old I’m a philosphy Phd Student at the hebrew university I come to the left center every week to
teach texts of Karl Marx like the communist manifest,
the capital and other texts My name is Moshe Zuckermann.
I am professor of history and philosophy
at Tel Aviv University. My name is Rawda, Rawda Murkos Makhoul, I’m from Kufur Yassif,
I was born here and still live here. I’m a mother of three and
an English teacher at al-Salam school I’m also doing my PhD on Palestinian women’s labor
during the British mandate of Palestine. Marx serves me as a teacher. First of all he provides me with
critical view of the educational curriculum I don’t take everything
that is dictated from above I have a filter in my mind I sieve the material The really remarkable and actually
admirable thing about Capital is that as a sociological work it begins
not with people but with commodities. Marx’s greatest contribution is that he conceives of people
as incorporated within what they produce. The capitalist economy then turns
the products they make into commodities. This was Marx’s brilliant idea. Commodities
have relations of power, political and social conditions, and labour
relations inscribed within them. One has to understand,
and Marx understood that, that there are many, many ways to imagine
a better world and a just society. But the idea, that really matters is to reach these places
and not just imagining them That’s why Marx’s criticism shows a way that starts
a point that it is “today” to a better place than this which we can imagine
but also we have to reach it in reality. So for Marx, the first thing is it,
to be a realist. I think that exploitation continues classes differences continue the hegemonic state continues the oppression of people continues that we can understand politics through
understanding economics is still relevant class struggle continues a hierachial structure of
above and below,continues social and political polarization continues each person who was poor and became rich,
unless he took bribe or illegal money, then he went through the class struggle One fundamental relation
has not changed in capitalism. Marx showed this in his writings
and in particular in Capital, namely that capitalism is built on the private appropriation
of social labour. This has not changed,
not anywhere in the world and definitely not in highly
developed Western capitalism. Yet, on the other hand, and this is a fact
I would like to highlight, profit maximisation is
the maxim of capitalism. This has not changed In a place where a right collides with a right,
power overrules That’s how Marx actually explains to us that it is impossible
to conduct a comprehensive analysis of the economy without referring to political factors
of power, of violence. And that is to me the place where Marx
frees us from the imaginations of the modern economy the imaginations of a free market,
imaginations of a certain harmony within the economy. We have to observe the practice of power in the sense that we determine who profits and who loses
on the basis of whom has more power A thing I say often to the students
as a communist and as a Marxist is to question: “Who benefits?” no matter what you know.
Ask:”Who benefits?” One time I was talking with them about war,
we teach some texts about wars I asked them:
“Who benefits from this war?” “Who manufactures the water bottle
that the soldiers carry with them?! “Who manufactures the rifle…?” I tell them:”In every war there are
people who make a profit. Economy is above politics The people who make a profit
from wars are the capitalists. Marx is not interested
in pointing to the malevolence of the agitators
and protagonists. In his view, we are all alienated.
The ruling classes are also alienated. We are still not fully human.
We live, so to say, in pre-history. Marx is concerned with
the structure of capitalist exploiters and
exploited workers. In capitalism
this structure leads to an increasing discrepancy. People cannot fulfil their needs,
or develop their potential, which they could do, if they were
not subjected to a capitalist system. This is what we need to fight. He gave… or he shed light
on the contradictions In my opinion this was the
revolutionary thing, a big revolution imagine a surface of a lake or a pool You throw a stone and the ripples
get bigger and bigger and bigger and then life is not the same anymore.

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